In 1964 the government of the Republic of
decided to proceed with the establishment of the National Guard, in
defend itself from the aggressive activities of armed Turkish Cypriots
ensure the defense of the island against the threats of Turkey for an
The Armored Corps that was created at the time was initially based on
improvised armored vehicles and on old equipment that was granted by
Army. These were Marmon Herrington MkIVF wheeled armored reconnaissance
vehicles, that were after a while complemented by equipment of Soviet
T-34/85 tanks and BTR-152V1 armored vehicles, which the government of
ordered. These, were additionally complemented by M24 and M47 battle
M18 tank destroyers, that belonged to the order of battle of the Greek division which was deployed on the
between the period 1964-1967.
In general, the National Guard was an inexperienced
force which although organized along western lines, used for the most
obsolete equipment, which to a large extent was of Soviet origin. This
disparate lot was called upon to face the Turkish Armed Forces that invaded the island in the summer of
Marmon Herringtons and T-34/85s were found facing the Turkish M47 and
M48, in a
war of short duration that led to the occupation of 36% of the
territory of the
Republic of Cyprus by Turkish invasion forces.
The subject of this book is the history of the
establishment, development and action of the Armored Corps of the
National Guard; a story told for the first time. The book covers the
developments after the invasion and the new types (Cascavel, Jararaca,
AMX-30, BMP-3, T-80U) that were procured in order to modernize the
Corps. Included are pictures from the M48A5 MOLFs tanks that the Greek
contingent deploys to the island.
photographic material, comprising roughly 150 pictures, of which 50 in
majority of these is rare and is published for the first time while
pictures come from Turkish archives. Moreover, color maps and profiles
main types of armored vehicles that were used by the National Guard are
included for clarification.