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Doureios Hippos - Trojan Horse publishing
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Armon on Cyprus
 

CONTENTS

  • Introduction
  • ESTABLICHMENT OF THE NATIONAL GUARD
  • NATIONAL GUARD IMPROVISED ARMORED VEHICLES          
  • THE ARMORED CORPS

  • THE SITUATION IN 1974 AND THE COUP
  • THE INVASION
  • ARMOR DURING OPERATION “ATTILA I” (20-22 JULY)
  • THE PERIOD OF TRUCE (23 JULY – 13 AUGUST)
  • ARMOR DURING OPERATION “ATTILA II” (14-16 AUGUST)
  • CONCLUSIONS - DEDUCTIONS
  • ARMOR AFTER THE INVASION
  • TESTIMONIE OF SERGEANT KONSTANTINOS DROSOS
  • CASUALTIES OF THE ARMORED CORPS
  • A TURKISH MEMENTO

In 1964 the government of the Republic of Cyprus, decided to proceed with the establishment of the National Guard, in order to defend itself from the aggressive activities of armed Turkish Cypriots and to ensure the defense of the island against the threats of Turkey for an invasion. The Armored Corps that was created at the time was initially based on certain improvised armored vehicles and on old equipment that was granted by the Greek Army. These were Marmon Herrington MkIVF wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicles, that were after a while complemented by equipment of Soviet origin, T-34/85 tanks and BTR-152V1 armored vehicles, which the government of Cyprus ordered. These, were additionally complemented by M24 and M47 battle tanks, and M18 tank destroyers, that belonged to the order of battle of the Greek division which was deployed on the island between the period 1964-1967.

In general, the National Guard was an inexperienced force which although organized along western lines, used for the most part obsolete equipment, which to a large extent was of Soviet origin. This disparate lot was called upon to face the Turkish Armed Forces that invaded the island in the summer of 1974. The Marmon Herringtons and T-34/85s were found facing the Turkish M47 and M48, in a war of short duration that led to the occupation of 36% of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus by Turkish invasion forces.

The subject of this book is the history of the establishment, development and action of the Armored Corps of the Cypriot National Guard; a story told for the first time. The book covers the developments after the invasion and the new types (Cascavel, Jararaca, VAB, AMX-30, BMP-3, T-80U) that were procured in order to modernize the Armored Corps. Included are pictures from the M48A5 MOLFs tanks that the Greek Army contingent deploys to the island. 

The book includes ample photographic material, comprising roughly 150 pictures, of which 50 in color. The majority of these is rare and is published for the first time while some pictures come from Turkish archives. Moreover, color maps and profiles of the main types of armored vehicles that were used by the National Guard are included for clarification.
ARMOR ON CYPRUS
EVOLUTION AND OPERATIONS
AUTHOR: Ioannis S. Mamounidakis

DATE OF PUBLICATION: April 2008
SUGGESTED PRICE: 24 Euros
ISBN: 978-960-88355-4-2
SIZE: 21 x 28cm
PAGES: 120
DETAILS: English text. The book contains about 150 pictures most of them unpublished from personal colections as well as maps and four colour profiles of the main types of the Cypriot National Guard Armor.

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© 2005 Εκδόσεις ΔΟΥΡΕΙΟΣ ΙΠΠΟΣ